Definition and classification of cerebral palsy

Types of Cerebral Palsy

definition and classification of cerebral palsy

1. Dev Med Child Neurol. Feb;49(s) The Definition and Classification of Cerebral Palsy. [No authors listed]. PMID:

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Jump to navigation. Several Cerebral Palsy classification systems exist today to define the type and form of Cerebral Palsy an individual has. The classification is complicated by the wide range of clinical presentations and degrees of activity limitation that exist. Knowing the severity, location and type of Cerebral Palsy your child has will help to coordinate care and fund treatment. Professionals who specialize in the treatment of Cerebral Palsy approach the condition from a number of different vantage points. An orthopedic surgeon requires a definition of the limbs affected and the extent of impairment in order to prescribe treatment. Neurosurgeons and neuroradiologists, on the other hand, are more concerned with the cause of the brain damage and descriptors for imposing white and gray matter so as to determine the type of brain injury or brain malformation.

Classification of cerebral palsy: association between gender, age, motor type, topography and Gross Motor Function. The goal of this study was to assess the relation between gender, age, motor type, topography and gross motor function, based on the Gross Motor Function System of children with cerebral palsy. Trunk control, postural changes and gait of one hundred children between 5 months and 12 years old, were evaluated. Most hemiplegics children were rated in motor level I, children with diplegia were rated in motor level III, and quadriplegic children were rated in motor level V. Functional classification is necessary to understand the differences in cerebral palsy and to have the best therapeutic planning since it is a complex disease which depends on several factors. Key words: cerebral palsy, disabled children, motor skills, classification system, gross motor function.

Dev Med Child Neurol Suppl. Feb; Definition and classification of cerebral palsy: a historical perspective. Morris C(1). Author information.
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Cerebral palsy CP is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood. Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain that control movement, balance, and posture. CP is partly preventable through immunization of the mother and efforts to prevent head injuries in children such as through improved safety. Cerebral palsy is the most common movement disorder in children. Cerebral palsy is defined as "a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. Cerebral palsy is characterized by abnormal muscle tone , reflexes, or motor development and coordination.



Classification of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy (CP) Explained

Definition and classification of cerebral palsy: a historical perspective.

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The Definition and Classification of Cerebral Palsy.

The classification of cerebral palsy CP remains a challenge; hence the presence of so many classifications and a lack of consensus. Each classification used alone is incomplete. Therefore, a multiaxial classification gives a more comprehensive description of a child with CP. The recent WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICF emphasizes the importance of focusing on the functional consequences of various states of health and has stimulated the development of newer functional scales in CP. It is widely accepted that the functional classification is the best classification for the patient because it guides management.

Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. Cerebral palsy is a common neurodevelopmental condition encountered by pediatricians. The condition may present itself in many diferent clinical spectra. The etiological and risk factors are many and an awareness of the interplay of multiple factors in the causation of CP is crucial. In many cases, the cause of Cerebral palsy may not be apparent. Cerebral palsy is invariably associated with many deficits such as mental retardation, speech and language and oromotor problems.

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