Basilica san giovanni a porta latina

italy, rome, church of san giovanni a porta latina

basilica san giovanni a porta latina

San Giovanni a Porta Latina is a Basilica church in Rome, Italy, near the Porta Latina (on the Via Latina) of the Aurelian Wall. Contents. 1 History; 2 Description .

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According to Tertullian , as quoted by Saint Jerome , in year 92, St John the Evangelist survived martyrdom at Rome under the Emperor Domitian by being immersed in a vat of boiling oil, from which he emerged unharmed. He was later exiled to island of Patmos. This event was traditionally said to have occurred at the Latin Gate located on the southern portion of the Roman wall. The nearby chapel of San Giovanni in Oleo is said to be on this very spot. The event was referred to in the Roman Martyrology , which was begun in the seventh century, when already there was a celebration of the event. The tradition for the building of the Basilica of St.

The gate retained its name throughout the Middle Ages. The gate's single arch is built of irregular blocks of travertine , with a row of five windows above on the outside, and a sixth in brick, at the south end, surmounted by stone battlements. The arch is flanked by two semi-circular towers of brick-faced concrete almost entirely rebuilt, probably in the 6th century , which do not rise above the top of the central section. The north tower rests on masonry foundations that may have belonged to a tomb. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

T he history of this church is told in a rare book of , by Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni, available today at the offices of the Basilica, in the restored version. A ccording to a collection of stories written by Tertullian at the end of the second century, St. John the Evangelist underwent martyrdom at Rome by being immersed in boiling oil, from which he emerged unharmed. He was later exiled to Patmos. The place of this martyrdom was traditionally said to have occurred at the Latin Gate located on the southern portion of the Roman wall. This is referred to in the martyrology, which was begun in the seventh century, where already there was a celebration in honor of the martyrdom.

The Porta Latina (Latin - Latin Gate) is a single-arched gate in the Aurelian Walls of ancient Rome. It marked the Rome end of the Via Latina and gives its name.
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The first church on this place appeared already in the 5th century AD. During the following centuries the temple was rebuilt on multiple occasions and between the 16th and 17th centuries the basilica got its Baroque look. During the latest restoration conducted in the middle of the last century the Medieval appearance of the temple was returned to it with its ancient columns dating back to the year Next to the basilica there is a Romanesque belfry. When you will be admiring the interior of the temple, take a glance at a series of frescoes depicting 46 scenes from the Old and New Testaments made by various Italian artists. The 12th century mosaic floor of the church is made of colored marble. Not far from the church, a few steps from the Porta Latina there is a small octagonal chapel of San Giovanni in Oleo that, according to an apocryphal writing, is built on the exact spot where John the Baptist was thrown in a vat of boiling oil to test his faith.

San Giovanni a Porta Latina is a late 5th century? This is in the rione Celio, the historic rione Campitelli. Pictures of the church at Wikimedia Commons are here. There is an English Wikipedia page here. According to it, the saint was arrested at Ephesus at the end of the 1st century AD, sent to Rome for trial and there put into a cauldron of boiling oil. He emerged unhurt, whereupon he was sent into exile on the island of Patmos where he wrote his Apocalypse. The origins of the basilica remain a complete mystery, because no documentary evidence survives prior to the first half of the 8th century.

The church with its pillared portico and the classic bell tower still bears all the typical signs of a Roman hall basilica. Worth seeing in the interior are the arched arcades resting on ancient columns and a fresco cycle from the Hohenstaufen period. The 46 Biblical scenes are among the most valuable medieval frescoes in Rome. Not registered yet? Then become a member of our travel community for free and get numerous benefits:.



Basilica of San Giovanni a Porta Latina

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San Giovanni a Porta Latina

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